The city of Kaliningrad is an industrial center of the region. The leading role in the city's industrial structure belongs to the fuel industry, machine building, food processing industry and electric power industry (80.7%). The city has shipbuilding and ship repair enterprises, enterprises of machine building complex, food processing companies, furniture companies, an assembly production of television, video, radio, household appliances and cars is developing.
In the food industry the leading role belongs to fish and meat processing.
During the last decade a furniture cluster was formed in the city.
Volume of shipped goods, works and services produced by large and medium-sized enterprises in 2010
|As % of
|Share in regional production, %|
|Mining of fuel and energy raw materials||11845,7||99,1||99.5|
|Food production, including drinks and tobacco||13301,7||105,8||28.7|
|Textile and clothing manufacturing||395,0||68,6||14.3|
|Wood processing and manufacturing of wood products||445,2||104,0||71.3|
|Pulp and paper industry;
publishing and printing
|Manufacture of rubber and plastic products||73,8||130,3||21.1|
|Metallurgical production and fabricated metal products||4251,7||175,7||96.1|
|Machinery and equipment||5246,4||319,9||70.6|
|Manufacture of electrical, electronic and optical equipment||18558,2||171,4||81.3|
|Transport vehicle and equipment production||86784,8||177,2||99.3|
|Production and distribution of electricity, gas and water||15394,2||114,8||86.8|
Kaliningrad is an advantageous area in terms of capital investment in construction. In the pre-crisis years the sector of housing, office, hotel, shopping and entertainment complexes construction was rapidly growing in the city.
Amount of work completed by type of activity "Construction", in 2010 amounted to 16.3 billion rubles, or 66.6% as of 2009.
Executed construction works by large and medium enterprises and organizations in January – August, 2011
|Administrative territorial entity||Works executed
in January – August, 2011
|January – August 2011 as of
January – August 2010, %
July 2011 August 2010, %
|Total for the Region||7050810||119.2||97.3||132.6|
170 residential houses or 5246 new comfortable apartments with total area of 362,4 thous. square meters were put into service in 2010, that is 4.9% less than in 2009.
69,0% of the total residential area built in the Kaliningrad Region is constructed in the city of Kaliningrad.
The dynamics of residential construction
|The year of construction||Actually put into service residential areas, thous. sq.m.||Amount of constructed housing (sq.m.) per person|